What Causes a Bruise?

littlegirlbruiseBruises are all too familiar, starting at a young age we accidentally hit an area of our body against something, feel instant pain and then notice a purplish, blue-black mark on our skin.  We might ask someone what it is or someone may notice and tell us what it is, and it is the first time we know we got a bruise.

What exactly causes a bruise?  Trauma.  Trauma (injury)  from a cut or hard blow to an area on the body.  The injury causes tiny blood vessels (capillaries) to burst, and the blood gets trapped below the skin’s surface forming into a bruise.

The 3 Stooges were always getting injured.

The 3 Stooges were always getting injured.

Some bruises last longer than other bruises that is because of the depth of the injury to the capillaries and also to an individuals health.  Those whose immune system’s are not that strong, or those who take blood thinners will have bruises that will take longer to go away compared to those whose body are in a healthy state.

These pictures depict the stages of colors bruises undergo during different lengths of time.

These pictures depict the stages of colors bruises undergo during different lengths of time.

Bruises change color.  Upon impact, the injury causes the red blood cells to breakdown, releasing an iron-containing protein called, hemoglobin, causing a reddish color as the blood appears under the skin.  After about 1-2 days, the bruise will shift from the reddish color to a purplish-blue color.  The change from the red to the purplish-blue, sometimes even blackish,  is caused from the hemoglobin losing oxygen.

Stages of the breakdown of hemoglobin which causes the changes of color on the skin.

Stages of the breakdown of hemoglobin which causes the changes of color on the skin.

When the hemoglobin starts breaking down, it causes a byproduct called, biliverdin (“verdin” in Latin means, “green”) which is the third stage of a greenish coloring the bruise will undergo on the skin.  In the final stage of the bruise, the hemoglobin breakdown product made is called bilirubin, thus causing the bruise to turn yellowish in color.  The yellow then fades as the remaining debris from the initial bleed leaves the area of the body that was injured.

There are ways to help in speeding up the injury process and the stages of bruising.

iceinjury1.)  As soon as the injury occurs, apply ice to the injured area.  Cooling the area helps to stop the bleeding that causes the bruising.

2.)  Elevate the injured area above the heart, if possible.  This helps to reduce bleeding and limit swelling.

3.)  After about 48 hours,  start applying heat to the injured area.  The heat increases circulation to the injured area which will help to fade the bruise more quickly.


Cell Reboot Ageless Mask


Cell Reboot Ageless Mask with StemCore-3 by Stemology, is radiance in a jar.  With a variety of AHA’s (Alpha Hyrdoxy Acids), DMAE (dimethylaminoethanol), Sea Algae, Green Tea Extract, Stemology’s proprietary blend of StemCore-3, Hyaluronic Acid, Oat Kernel Extract and Argan Oils, this mask is truly result oriented.

I’ve tried many masks to help with my very undesirable hyper-pigmentation and none have been as successful as this mask.  After just one use, I was able to notice a little lightening on the darker portions of my skin which have been plaguing me for a few years now.  JUST ONE USE!  *NO, this product does not have retinol, hydroquinone or kojic acid in it.

Of course, you’re not going to see your hyper-pigmentation disappear after one use because hyper-pigmentation has many underlying causes, but you will see a small difference.  Accumulation of Cell Reboot Ageless Mask treatments over time will help to treat hyper-pigmentation and give your skin a more even-tone appearance.  This mask can treat other skin concerns as well, such as:  wrinkles, dry skin, sun damage, enlarged pores and sensitive skin.

When you apply the Cell Reboot Ageless Mask over your skin, make sure to apply it to your face, neck and decollete.  When you first apply it, you may experience a warm, tingling sensation.  This is caused by the AHA’s that are in the product:  natural pumpkin, papaya, pomegranate and pineapple extract.  AHA’s help to exfoliate the skin which give your skin that natural radiant look.  Another contributor to the micro-circulation/warming effect on the skin is the StemCore-3.  The StemCore-3 is working at a cellular level, as a smart cell, finding the collagen and helping to repair cells that can be repaired, rejuvenating the skin and restoring the youth that still lingers.

Leave this mask on for 15-20 minutes.  The tingling sensation may last the first couple of minutes if your skin is very dry and sensitive. I always kept the mask on for 20 minutes to achieve great use of the product, more applications (less product usage) and also more time for the product to work on my skin.  The ingredients are very active and are consistently working on your skin when the mask is on.

stemology-cell-rebootpumpThe color of the mask is similar to that of a highly seasoned, pumpkin pie and smells like raw, apple juice that has the “Mother” in it.  Needless to say, I felt like the mask was the real deal, organic in every way without all the parabens, added colors and added scents that brands like to use to cover the natural scents and colors.  When Stemology writes, ALL NATURAL INGREDIENTS, and ZERO PETROCHEMICALS, there is no doubt that this product is all natural.

The recommended us is 1-2 times weekly and I would agree.  I wouldn’t use this mask more than that in one week because of the potency of the ingredients.  Too much use could cause sensitivity to the skin.  This mask would also be great to use on the tops of hands that are overworked and need some TLC, not more than once a week if you choose to give your hands a nice mask treatment.

The only thing I did not care much for on this mask was it’s packaging. In the package, resides a rich, divine product and the container found it too good to let it go I guess.  The lid is a push-down lid and is designed to dispense a single-use.  At times I would pump and it would suck the product back in side, like it was playing peek-a-boo with me.  I would bypass the trouble of pumping and just twist the top part of the container off when you use this mask.


Stemology Cell Reboot Ageless Mask with StemCore-3 recieves 4.5 STARS.four_half-stars_0-1024x238

 I would love to give this product 5 stars because the collective brilliance of the formulators shine in this mask but it is not easily accessible at times which takes away the full package of the product as a whole.

Now through May 15th,  Shop Stemology and receive 25% off with a purchase of $100 or more + free shipping.  Mention promo code SKIN25.

P.S.  Pair the Cell Revive Brightening Serum with the Cell Reboot Ageless Mask to achieve even better results.  Your skin will thank you.


Stem Cells in Products

Animal cell vs. Plant cell.

Animal cell vs. Plant cell.

Stem Cell, defined by Merriam-Webster dictionary, is a simple cell in the body that is able to develop into any one of various cells (such as blood cells, skin cells, etc.).  A cell is the building blocks of the body, a very tiny particle that when combined together with other cells form all living things.  Stem cells then, can be found in plants and animals.

doublestemcellTechnology has now allowed the advancement of stem cell use in skincare products.  Stem cells have been clinically proven to help restore and repair skin cells which is extremely important with helping to fight aging skin.  Most of the stem cells come from Swiss apples, grapes and other fruit plants but there are a very small portion of stem cells that come from humans.


Is this legal?  How can skincare products use human stem cells?  American CryoStem is a skincare line that uses your own fatty tissue in combination with proprietary skincare ingredients to create a firming serum, moisturizer and eye cream.


fat-stem-cell-therapy-procedure-step-1This is taking stem cells in your body from your fat and making products that will help with anti-aging.  Of course, these are not cheap products, costs are in the thousands, and your products won’t be in your hand when you leave the doctor’s office from your mini liposuction extraction for your products.  The suctioned out fat then is taken to another location where it is combined with other ingredients and locked up in a cooling chamber where it will reside for future product making for you. If you have the money, patience and don’t fear a mini liposuction, then this would be a good use for recycling cells from your body.

pluripotentstemcellsAmerican CryoStem uses your own skin cells from fat but scientists have found a way to use human stem cells for skincare that is ethically accepted.  It is called, Non-Embryonic Pluripotent Human Stem Cells.  These are the most powerful stem cells because they have the potential to become any cell in the body.  How is this done?  Women donate their eggs to science knowing that they are being used solely for their eggs stem cells.  The unfertilized eggs then divide and once when they get to a certain stage of dividing, the stem cells are taken out.  The donors DNA is removed and proteins within the stem cells, such as the fibroblast, collagen and elastin are carefully centrifuged (a highly-effective way of scientific particle separation) and used as the human growth factor in skincare products.  Because the eggs are not being fertilized with sperm, there is no Y chromosome involved, so there is no potential for human life and this makes it ethically lawful for use in skincare products and scientific research.

skin-care-honey-combThere are some companies that choose to use the Non-Embryonic “Pluripotent” Human Stem Cells and others use the Plant Stem Cells.  Plant stem cells closely mimic our human skin cells but are not as potent as the “Pluripotent” Human Stem Cells.  Stem cells are being used more and more in skincare product lines and produce great results on the skin.  Many manufacturers are finding these results beneficial for their consumers and when consumers are visibly able to see a difference in their skin after a shorter duration of consistent use, manufacturer’s will continue adding stem cells to their products.



Stem Cells Eye Complex

Nature Pure Stem Cells Eye Complex

Stem Cells Eye Complex by Nature Pure

The Stem Cells Eye Complex by Nature Pure is one of my favorite eye creams.  The ingredients are infused with Certified Organics and consists of stem cells from Swiss apples (helps to mimic skin stem cells), Soy Isoflavones  (patented by Nature Pure) and two rich antioxidants, Acia Berry and Resveratrol.  These combined ingredients when applied to the skin assist in healing from the outside in.

When I first apply Nature Pure’s Stem Cells Eye Complex around the eyes, I feel a little warming on the skin, that is the positive effect of these active ingredients.  I truly feel like my eyes are repairing the cells from their daily use.

A little bit goes a long way so just apply a small dab under the eyes and work your way gently around the eyes using your pinky fingers.

Stem Cells Eye Complex by Nature Pure receives a 5 star rating. 5stars1

P.S.  I also apply a small amount on my lips.  It has the same healing effect and keeps my lips soft and supple.

Why Wear Eye Cream?

beautiful-eyes-wallpaperYour eyes are the first area to age on your skin.  The skin around the eye is much thinner than the skin on the face thus making it more sensitive to products and easier to age.

Clint Eastwood is known for his tough-guy squint.

Clint Eastwood is known for his tough-guy squint.

Some movements that we do with the muscles around our eyes such as squinting can also cause fine lines around the eyes.  Homemade-Eye-Cream-Serum-For-Clear-Radiant-Eyes-1Why you should wear eye cream is to prevent the thin layering of skin around the eye from causing deep wrinkles at an early age.  Eye cream is specifically created for the delicate eyes and won’t cause milia (small, hard white bumps) from forming around the eyes due to excess oil in the cream.  If you are to purchase any cream for your skin, your eyes should be the first area of concern.

Do Something That Scares You

IMG_0620I just recently purchased a journal that made me dig deep into my fears and limitations.  It is entitled, Do One Thing Every Day That Scares You a journal.  Looking at it gives off a chilling response and made me wonder what words would be looming inside for me.  I blindly turned to a page in the book and it boldly read, “IT IS BETTER TO BE A LION FOR A DAY THAN A SHEEP ALL YOUR LIFE.”  On the opposite page were the words…”I was a LION today by:”… and  was followed by seven blank lines.


Could I fill all those seven lines?  How could I be a lion for day?  What exactly does a lion do for a day?!? All these questions were popping up in my head.  The thought of  being a lion for the day automatically gave me a sense of pride, of power, of an untouchable animal reigning high within the hierarchy of the food chain.

lionandsheepHow often do I test my limitations?  My fears?  To overcome the barriers that set me back from excelling?  How many times have I been a sheep when I could’ve, should’ve been a lion?  This book raises questions that I haven’t thought about asking and that is why it is so great.  To step beyond the norm and put myself in situations that will challenge my fears and build my character is far more rewarding than living in a box, staying sheltered from exhorting my will for instinctual fight or flight survival.

M.A.C. Fluidline Brow Gelcreme


When it comes to shaping your eyebrows, this is a must-have!  I absolutely love M.A.C.’s Fluidline Brow Gelcreme.  It is easy to apply and easy to control when applying.  The gelcreme does not smear outside of the lines after it is applied. This eyebrow gelcreme shaper is waterproof and does not travel on your skin to different areas on the face when working out.  A very true and long-wearing product.  If you’re looking for those perfect “Instagram Eyebrows”, then you can achieve them with this product.

M.A.C. was being humble when they rated it a 4.8 out of 5 stars, I rate this a perfect 5 stars!

The M.A.C. Fluidline Brow Gelcreme comes in three different shades:  Redhead, Dirty Blonde and Deep Dark Brunette.

Eyebrows Are Sisters

My sister, Alecia, and I.

My sister, Alecia, and I.

Eyebrows are sisters, NOT twins!  Don’t over tweeze!  Your eyebrows not only help to shape your face but to also add expression to your face.  When you look in the mirror look at your eyebrows as they are similar but still won’t be able to be perfectly matched.  Just like you and your sister may look alike, there is still those little differences that set you apart.

These twins live and breathe the term identical in all ways.

These twins live and breathe the term identical in all ways.

As much as we would like to have twins as eyebrows, there is going to be that one hair, when plucked, that will cause a dramatic difference.  Eyebrows are best at being imperfectly perfect.  As long as the shape is similar and they match in color, then that is all you need.


IMG_0432 Welcome, I am so happy you have stopped by and visited my blog.  Skinification was a very fun blog I had for a couple years.  One day, I went to repair the site and accidentally installed a new format which deleted my site in its entirety.  All the posts, all the hard work and research I had done for those two years were GONE!  I was devastated but also ready for a new change.

There is more to me than just skincare, I am a licensed Massage Therapist, still work in the spa industry, write for fun and for magazine publications, love music and find myself dancing randomly  to any given song.  Health and wellness are extremely important to me because living a balanced life is vital for longevity in today’s society.  My new blog will discuss more than just skin, it will discuss my well-rounded knowledge of wellness as a whole.

This blog is my own opinion.  I write with a disclaimer, certain things may not be good for you so always make sure to check with your health care provider before trying something new to you.